Chlamydia symptoms

Chlamydia is an STD. The cause of this STD is a bacterium. You will get it through sex with someone who has chlamydia. The chlamydia bacterium causes contamination of the urethra, anus, throat or cervix. Chlamydia is the most common STD among young people. In 60-70 percent of women with an chlamydia infection, the symptoms disappear automatically within four weeks and without complications, but you can still transfer the chlamydia.


Symptoms chlamydia

You don’t always notice chlamydia. You can also pass it on unnoticed. You can get the first symptoms one to three weeks after being infected with chlamydia. They are different symptoms of chlamydia for women and men.


Chlamydia symptoms with women

On average women get symptoms later when they have contracted chlamydia, usually 7 to 21 days after the infection.

  • Pain or a burning sensation when urinating
  • Pain and blood loss during or after intercourse
  • Blood loss while you are not having your period
  • More or abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Itching at the anus, (bloody) discharge at the stool or diarrhea
  • Severe pain in the lower abdomen, with or without a fever
  • Pelvic infection with fever
  • Have to pee more often.
  • Slimy (pus) discharge from the vagina.
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Bloody discharge at the stool.


Chlamydia symptoms with men

Men can notice the following symptoms as early as four days after the infection:

  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating
  • Separation from the urethra, especially in the morning
  • Itching at the anus, (bloody) discharge at the stool and diarrhea
  • Have to pee more often.
  • Clear or red (pus) discharge from the penis opening.


How do you get Chlamydia?

You can easily catch chlamydia. The cause is a bacterium. (This is called Chlamydia Trachomatis.) This bacterium infects the mucous membranes of the urethra, anus, throat or cervix. Chlamydia causes inflammation there. You can transmit the bacteria through sex. You never actually get chlamydia from blowjobs. You can prevent chlamydia by having safe sex.


How does a chlamydia test work?

For a chlamydia test you deliver urine or a smear from the vagina or anus. For men, a urine test is usually enough. For women, a smear from the vagina is needed. You can usually do that yourself with a cotton swab. Have you had anal sex or complaints with the anus? Then a smear from the anus is needed.


Chlamydia treatment

Chlamydia can be treated well with antibiotics. Your partner will also receive an antibiotic treatment at the same time as you. Always complete a course of antibiotics! Chlamydia is contagious for up to a week after starting the course. The advice is not to have sex (not even with hands or mouth) until a week after you and your partner (s) started taking the antibiotics, and until you are sure that the STD test has not shown any other STDs.


If you do nothing about chlamydia
It is important that you have chlamydia treated on time. A neglected chlamydia can have serious consequences for your health.

With women:

  • inflammation in the fallopian tubes
  • inflammation in the pelvic area
  • chronic abdominal pain
  • reduced fertility
  • ectopic Pregnancy


With men:

  • inflammation in the balls
  • inflammation in the prostate
  • temporarily impaired fertility


Chlamydia and pregnant?

Are you pregnant and do you have chlamydia? That can affect your pregnancy. Your child may be born prematurely or with a low birth weight. During birth you can transfer chlamydia to your baby and, for example, cause an eye or pneumonia.


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